Misplaced Modifier Example: How to Identify and Correct Misplaced Modifiers

Table of contents
  1. What is a Misplaced Modifier?
  2. How to Identify and Correct Misplaced Modifiers
  3. FAQs About Misplaced Modifiers
  4. Reflection

In English grammar, modifiers are words or phrases that provide additional information about other parts of a sentence. When a modifier is in the wrong place in a sentence, it can create confusion or change the intended meaning. This error is known as a misplaced modifier. In this article, we will explore the concept of misplaced modifiers, provide examples to illustrate this grammatical issue, and discuss how to identify and correct them.

What is a Misplaced Modifier?

A modifier is considered misplaced when it is not located near the word or phrase it is intended to modify, leading to ambiguity or confusion in the sentence. It's essential for modifiers to be placed as close as possible to the word they are modifying to ensure clarity and convey the intended meaning effectively.

Consider the following example:

Incorrect: I only ate pizza for dinner.

In this sentence, the modifier "only" is placed before the verb "ate," suggesting that the speaker's sole action was consuming pizza for dinner. However, the intended meaning is likely that the speaker exclusively consumed pizza and did not eat anything else for dinner. To convey this meaning accurately, the modifier "only" should be placed immediately before "pizza," resulting in the corrected sentence: "I ate only pizza for dinner."

Common Types of Misplaced Modifiers

There are several common types of misplaced modifiers that can occur in sentences. Understanding these types can help in identifying and correcting misplaced modifier errors:

1. Dangling Participles

A dangling participle is a type of misplaced modifier that does not have a clear word or phrase to modify, leading to confusion or illogical meaning in the sentence.

Example: Running down the street, the trees looked beautiful.

In this sentence, the participle "running" lacks a clear subject to modify, resulting in a confusing and illogical statement. To correct this, the sentence should be rephrased to provide a clear subject for the participle: "While running down the street, I saw that the trees looked beautiful."

2. Squinting Modifiers

Squinting modifiers are ambiguous modifiers that can be interpreted as modifying either the word that precedes them or the word that follows them, causing confusion in the sentence.

Example: I only told her yesterday.

In this sentence, the placement of "only" makes it unclear whether it modifies "told" or "yesterday." To eliminate the ambiguity, the sentence can be revised as follows: "I told her only yesterday."

3. Limiting Modifiers

Limiting modifiers, such as "almost," "nearly," "hardly," and "barely," should be positioned directly before the word they are intended to modify to convey the correct meaning.

Example: She almost found her keys in every room.

This sentence implies that she came close to finding her keys in every room, which may not be the intended meaning. To clarify, the sentence should be revised as follows: "She found her keys in almost every room."

How to Identify and Correct Misplaced Modifiers

Identifying and correcting misplaced modifiers involves careful attention to the positioning of modifiers in the sentence to ensure that they modify the intended word or phrase clearly and effectively. Here are some strategies for identifying and correcting misplaced modifiers:

1. Read the Sentence Aloud

Reading the sentence aloud can help identify awkward or ambiguous phrasing that may signal the presence of a misplaced modifier. Listen for any unclear or confusing language that indicates a potential misplaced modifier.

2. Identify the Word or Phrase Being Modified

Determine the word or phrase that the modifier is intended to describe. This can help clarify where the modifier should be placed to convey the intended meaning accurately.

3. Rearrange the Sentence

If a sentence contains a misplaced modifier, consider rearranging the sentence to position the modifier closer to the word or phrase it is meant to modify. This can help eliminate ambiguity and improve clarity.

4. Seek Feedback

When in doubt, seek feedback from a peer, teacher, or a professional editor. Getting a fresh perspective can help identify and correct misplaced modifiers that may have been overlooked.

FAQs About Misplaced Modifiers

What are some other examples of misplaced modifiers?

Some additional examples of misplaced modifiers include:

  • Quickly running, I caught the bus.
  • Unfortunately, the store was closed when I arrived.
  • She almost drank a gallon of milk every day.

Why is it important to correct misplaced modifiers?

Correcting misplaced modifiers is essential to ensure clarity and precision in writing. Misplaced modifiers can lead to confusion and misinterpretation of the intended meaning of a sentence. By addressing misplaced modifiers, writers can communicate their ideas effectively and avoid potential misunderstandings.

Can a misplaced modifier change the meaning of a sentence?

Yes, a misplaced modifier can significantly alter the intended meaning of a sentence. It can create ambiguity, change the emphasis of a sentence, or convey a different message than what was originally intended by the writer. Therefore, it is crucial to identify and correct misplaced modifiers to maintain the integrity of the intended message.


Understanding how to identify and correct misplaced modifiers is a valuable skill in writing effectively. By paying attention to the placement of modifiers and ensuring they modify the intended words or phrases, writers can enhance the clarity and precision of their writing. Practicing the identification and correction of misplaced modifiers can contribute to improved communication and a stronger command of the English language.

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