Choice Board Example: A Comprehensive Guide to Creating and Using Choice Boards

Table of contents
  1. The Basics of Choice Boards
  2. Benefits of Choice Boards
  3. Creating a Choice Board
  4. Implementing Choice Boards in the Classroom
  5. Choice Board Example: Language Arts
  6. FAQs
  7. Reflection

In today’s educational landscape, teachers are constantly seeking innovative methods to engage students and promote active learning. Choice boards have emerged as a valuable tool for educators, offering students the autonomy to select activities that cater to their learning style and interests. In this article, we will explore choice board examples, discuss their benefits, and provide practical tips for creating and implementing them in the classroom.

The Basics of Choice Boards

Choice boards, also known as learning menus or extension menus, are graphic organizers that present students with a variety of independent learning activities. These activities are typically designed to cater to different learning styles and multiple intelligences. The purpose of choice boards is to offer students a sense of autonomy and ownership over their learning while providing opportunities for differentiated instruction.

Choice boards are characterized by a grid or table format, with each cell containing a different learning activity. These activities may vary in complexity, content, or mode of presentation. Based on their preferences and interests, students select a certain number of activities to complete within a given time frame.

Types of Choice Boards

There are several types of choice boards that cater to different subject areas and learning objectives. Here are a few examples:

1. Tic-Tac-Toe Boards:

Tic-tac-toe choice boards present activities in a format reminiscent of the classic game. Students must complete a row of activities (vertically, horizontally, or diagonally) similar to winning a game of tic-tac-toe. This format encourages students to explore a range of activities while ensuring that they pursue a balanced set of tasks.

2. Dinner Menu Boards:

Dinner menu choice boards mimic the format of a restaurant menu, offering appetizers, main courses, and desserts. Each section of the menu represents a category of activities, and students must choose a predetermined number of tasks from each category. This structure promotes variety and balance in skill development.

3. Extension Menus:

Extension menus provide students with a selection of activities that delve deeper into a specific topic or concept. These activities often require critical thinking, problem-solving, and creativity, empowering students to extend their learning beyond the standard curriculum.

Benefits of Choice Boards

Choice boards offer numerous benefits for both students and teachers. Let’s explore some of the key advantages:

1. Differentiation:

Choice boards support differentiated instruction by allowing students to choose activities that align with their learning preferences, abilities, and interests. This individualized approach promotes engagement and caters to diverse learning styles.

2. Autonomy and Ownership:

By providing students with the freedom to select their tasks, choice boards foster a sense of autonomy and ownership over their learning. This empowerment can lead to increased motivation and a heightened sense of responsibility for one’s education.

3. Varied Assessments:

With the flexibility inherent in choice boards, teachers can incorporate a range of assessment methods to evaluate student learning. From written assignments to presentations and hands-on projects, choice boards allow for diverse assessment opportunities.

Creating a Choice Board

Designing an effective choice board requires careful consideration of learning objectives, student needs, and available resources. Here are the key steps to create a choice board:

1. Define Learning Objectives:

Identify the specific skills, concepts, or standards that you want students to address through the choice board. Clearly articulate the learning objectives to ensure that the activities align with educational goals.

2. Select Activities:

Curate a range of activities that cater to different learning styles and abilities. Ensure that the activities are appropriately challenging and align with the identified learning objectives. Consider incorporating activities that tap into multiple intelligences.

3. Create the Grid:

Design a grid or table format to organize the activities. Each cell should contain a different activity, and the grid structure should be visually appealing and easy to navigate for students.

4. Provide Clear Instructions:

Accompany the choice board with clear instructions and guidelines for students. Clearly outline the number of activities they must complete, any prerequisites or sequencing requirements, and the expectations for each task.

5. Offer Choice and Flexibility:

Ensure that the choice board genuinely provides students with options and flexibility. Avoid prescribing a rigid sequence or dictating which activities students must choose. The essence of choice boards lies in student agency and self-direction.

Implementing Choice Boards in the Classroom

Once you have created a choice board, the next step is to effectively implement it in the classroom. Consider the following strategies for seamless integration:

1. Model Decision-Making:

Before introducing the choice board to students, model the decision-making process by explaining how you would approach the selection of activities. Discuss your considerations, preferences, and rationale for choosing specific tasks.

2. Establish Clear Expectations:

Communicate clear expectations regarding the completion of activities, quality standards, and assessment criteria. Ensure that students understand the requirements for each task and the learning outcomes associated with their choices.

3. Encourage Reflection:

Build in opportunities for students to reflect on their choices, experiences, and learning outcomes. Reflection enables students to evaluate their decision-making process, assess their growth, and consider the value of the activities they engaged in.

4. Provide Support and Feedback:

Offer support and guidance to students as they navigate the choice board. Be available to address questions, provide clarifications, and offer feedback on their performance. Encourage a growth-oriented approach to learning.

Choice Board Example: Language Arts

Let’s delve into a specific choice board example tailored to the subject of Language Arts. This choice board is designed for a middle school classroom and focuses on literature exploration, writing skills, and critical thinking. Students are presented with a range of activities to choose from, each contributing to the development of their language arts proficiency.

Activity 1: Novel Exploration

Read a novel of your choice and create a visual representation of the main characters. Write a brief character analysis highlighting their traits, motivations, and impact on the storyline.

Activity 2: Creative Writing

Compose a short story or poem inspired by a literary theme or concept. Focus on vivid imagery, compelling characters, and thematic depth. Share your piece with the class through a reading or presentation.

Activity 3: Literary Analysis

Select a literary work and conduct a critical analysis of its themes, symbolism, and author’s message. Craft a structured essay that offers insights into the deeper layers of the text, supported by evidence and examples.

Activity 4: Vocabulary Enrichment

Expand your vocabulary by compiling a list of words encountered in your reading. Create flashcards with definitions, synonyms, and example sentences for each word. Challenge a classmate to a vocabulary quiz using your flashcards.

Activity 5: Book Review

Choose a book that you recently read and compose a persuasive book review. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the book, provide recommendations, and justify your opinions with persuasive arguments.


What are the benefits of using choice boards in the classroom?

Choice boards promote student engagement, cater to diverse learning styles, and foster autonomy and ownership over learning. They also support differentiated instruction and provide opportunities for varied assessments.

How can teachers ensure that choice boards align with learning objectives?

Teachers should define clear learning objectives and curate activities that directly address these objectives. It’s essential to align the activities with educational standards and ensure that they offer meaningful opportunities for skill development and knowledge acquisition.

Are choice boards suitable for all grade levels and subjects?

Yes, choice boards can be adapted for various grade levels and subjects. They offer flexibility and can be tailored to match the specific learning needs and objectives of different academic areas.


Choice boards serve as a dynamic tool for promoting student agency, differentiation, and independent learning. By providing students with a menu of educational options, teachers can amplify engagement, cater to diverse learning needs, and nurture a culture of self-directed learning. As educators continue to explore innovative instructional practices, choice boards stand out as a valuable strategy for empowering students and fostering a lifelong love of learning.

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