APA 7 In-Text Citation Example: A Complete Guide

Table of contents
  1. Basic Rules for APA 7 In-Text Citations
  2. APA 7 In-Text Citation Examples
  3. APA 7 In-Text Citation for Different Source Types
  4. APA 7 In-Text Citation for Electronic Sources
  5. FAQs about APA 7 In-Text Citation
  6. Conclusion

In academic writing, it is crucial to cite your sources accurately. APA 7 style is one of the most commonly used citation styles, and it provides specific guidelines for in-text citations. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore APA 7 in-text citation examples, rules, and best practices to help you ensure that your academic papers are properly cited.

Basic Rules for APA 7 In-Text Citations

Before diving into examples, it's important to understand the basic rules for APA 7 in-text citations. In APA 7 style, the author-date citation system is used, which means that the author's last name and the publication year are provided in the text.

Here are the key points to remember:

  • Always include the author's last name and the publication year within parentheses.
  • If you directly quote a source, include the page number as well.
  • If a source has multiple authors, list all of their last names in the first citation. For subsequent citations, use the first author's last name followed by "et al."

APA 7 In-Text Citation Examples

One Author

If you are citing a source with one author, the in-text citation should include the author's last name and the publication year. For example:

(Smith, 2019)

If you directly quote the source, include the page number:

(Smith, 2019, p. 25)

Two Authors

When citing a source with two authors, include both authors' last names and the publication year. For example:

(Johnson & Lee, 2020)

Three or More Authors

If a source has three or more authors, list the first author's last name followed by "et al." and the publication year. For example:

(Brown et al., 2018)

Organization as Author

When an organization is the author of a source, cite the organization's name in the in-text citation. For example:

(American Psychological Association, 2021)

APA 7 In-Text Citation for Different Source Types

Direct Quotes

When directly quoting a source, include the author, publication year, and page number. For example:

(Johnson, 2017, p. 42)

Paraphrasing

If you are paraphrasing or summarizing information from a source, include the author and publication year. For example:

(Miller, 2020)

Multiple Sources

When citing multiple sources in the same sentence, list them in alphabetical order, separated by semicolons. For example:

(Alvarez, 2018; Smith, 2019; Taylor, 2020)

APA 7 In-Text Citation for Electronic Sources

When citing electronic sources such as websites or online articles, include the author and publication year, followed by the paragraph number for direct quotes. If there are no page numbers, use the paragraph number alone. For example:

(Perez, 2021, para. 5)

FAQs about APA 7 In-Text Citation

Q: What should I do if a source has no author?

A: If a source has no author, use the title in place of the author in the in-text citation. It should be italicized in the reference list entry and the title case in the in-text citation.

Q: How do I cite multiple works by the same author?

A: Include the publication years of the works in chronological order, separated by commas. For example: (Smith, 2017, 2019)

Q: Should I include the page number for paraphrased information?

A: No, the page number is only required for direct quotes. For paraphrased or summarized information, the author and publication year are sufficient.

Conclusion

In-text citations are a vital aspect of academic writing, and mastering APA 7 in-text citation guidelines is essential for maintaining academic integrity. By following the examples and rules outlined in this guide, you can ensure that your in-text citations are accurate and in compliance with APA 7 style.

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